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Associations with prevalence and sources of heterogeneity were explored using metaregression. No commercial re-use. Int J STD AIDS. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. In the United States, it is the second most commonly reported communicable disease and the second most prevalent sexually transmitted infection (STI). Gonococci are adapted to growth on mucous membranes and cannot tolerate drying. Neisseria is the only pathogenic gram negative cocci (precisely diplococci). Methods: A population-level study of N. gonorrhoeae in New Zealand (October 2014 to May 2015). The assault on the developed countries by imported antibiotic-resistant strains of N. gonorrhoeae has increased, however, indicating the need for intensive control programs. Published by BMJ. N. gonorrhoeae is the etiological agent of gonorrhea, the second most frequently reported sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the world. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2018 Sep. Report No. 1999 May;1(6):455-64. doi: 10.1016/s1286-4579(99)80049-5. Antibiotic sensitivity patterns of penicillinase-positive and penicillinase-negative strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolated in … Genitourin Med. Background: Antimicrobial-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major threat to public health. : 18-05239-EF-1. To provide an in-depth systematic assessment of the global epidemiology of gonorrhoea infection in infertile populations. Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. 6 Approach to the revision of STI guidelines 8 References 9 WHO guidelines for the treatment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae 10 1. Get the latest research from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus. Methods: Isolates from 16 242 gonorrhoea episodes at sexual health clinics within the Gonococcal Resistance to Antimicrobials Surveillance Programme (GRASP) underwent antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Symptomatic gonorrhea results in urethritis in males and cervicitis in females. In the United States, it is the second most commonly reported communicable disease, with more than 350,000 cases reported annually. With over 600,000 new infections reported each year, Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N. gonorrhoeae) has become the second most common, sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Objective: Yoshida S, Urabe S, Mizuguchi Y. A systematic literature review was conducted up to 29 April 2019 on international databases and WHO regional databases, and reported following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. LeBlanc EL, Patnode CD, Webber EM, Redmond N, Rushkin M, O’Connor EA. HHS Epub 2013 Mar 29. There was a trend of declining prevalence by about 3% per year over the last four decades (OR=0.97, 95% CI 0.95 to 0.99). Because N. gonorrhoeae infections are not reportable in Germany, only limited data on disease epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns are available. The mean prevalence was higher for populations with tubal factor infertility (3.6%, 95% CI 0.9%-7.7%) and mixed cause and unexplained infertility (3.6%, 95% CI 0.0% to 11.6%) compared with other diagnoses, such as ovarian and non-tubal infertility (0.1%, 95% CI 0.0% to 0.8%), and for secondary (2.5%, 95% CI 0.2% to 6.5%) compared with primary (0.5%, 95% CI 0.0% to 1.7%) infertility. It causes the sexually transmitted genitourinary infection gonorrhea as well as other forms of gonococcal disease including disseminated gonococcemia, septic arthritis, and gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. 1997 Sep;65(9):3736-42. doi: 10.1128/IAI.65.9.3736-3742.1997. We investigated the epidemiology of the mutant gyrase A gene, a reliable predictor of ciprofloxacin resistance, in Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections at UCLA Health in Los Angeles, California, USA, during November 1, 2015–August 31, 2016. Risk of bias was assessed using four quality domains. The current decreases of gonorrhea incidence in the developed countries may not be maintained unless some success is attained in the control of gonorrhea in developing countries. There is an urgent need to update treatment recommendations for gonococcal infections to respond to changing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) patterns of N. gonorrhoeae. Introduction. Neisseria gonorrhoeae; epidemiology (general); gonorrhoea; infertility. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. With its incidence only second to Chlamydia trachomatisa , the most disturbing fact of N. gonorrhoeae lies in the reality that it shows no discrimination among the sexually active - anyone and everyone is susceptible. A proposed role for the lutropin receptor in contact-inducible gonococcal invasion of Hec1B cells. Okonofua FE, Snow RC, Alemnji GA, Okoruwa A, Ijaware CO. Genitourin Med. Unlike N. gonorrhoeae and N. meningitidis, N. lactamica has not been implicated as a primary pathogen, although it may be an opportunistic pathogen. Epub 2009 Nov 1. No studies to date have examined the genomic epidemiology of gonorrhoea in the Western Pacific Region, where the incidence of gonorrhoea is particularly high. A Bayesian approach to uncertainty analysis of sexually transmitted infection models. Global epidemiology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in infertile populations: systematic review, meta-analysis and metaregression Sex Transm Infect . Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov. 2 The high burden of gonorrhoea is a result of its success in transmission and avoidance of host defences and, in the antimicrobial era, the emergence and spread of drug resistance. We investigated the epidemiology of the mutant gyrase A gene, a reliable predictor of ciprofloxacin resistance, in Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections at UCLA Health in Los An-geles, California, USA, during November 1, 2015–August 31, 2016. last authored: July 2011, David LaPierre last reviewed: Nov 2011, Vidya Beharry Introduction. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025808. Introduction.  |  Gonorrhoea in men: clinical and diagnostic aspects. Neisseria gonorrhoeae . 2011 Sep;52(9):589-97. doi: 10.4111/kju.2011.52.9.589. 2019 May 22;9(5):e025808. Rice RJ, Biddle JW, JeanLouis YA, DeWitt WE, Blount JH, Morse SA.  |  Keywords: Korean J Urol. This review briefly outlines the transmission, diagnosis, treatment, and markers for subclassification of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, but the main focus is on the occurrence, the trends, and the risk factors of infections with N. gonorrhoeae in Europe. 1999 Mar;3(1):39-52. doi: 10.1023/a:1021862113241. Introduction 10 1.1 Epidemiology, burden and clinical considerations 10 Clinical presentation 10 Laboratory diagnosis 10 N. gonorrhoeae can sometimes enter the bloodstream, causing disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI) in virtually any organ system. In both male and female, arthritis is the most common manifestation of DGI. Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococcus (GC), is a gram-negative diplococcus which is one of the most common sexually transmitted microorganisms, and causes gonorrhea. 2013 Jul;28(7):1809-15. doi: 10.1093/humrep/det096. Conclusions: Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines recommend that clinicians empirically treat the sex partners of persons with Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) or Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection before confirming that they are infected. 3. doi: … Future studies using these methods will provide valuable knowledge of the ecology and epidemiology of gonorrhea. van Oostrum N, De Sutter P, Meys J, Verstraelen H. Hum Reprod. Epub 2011 Sep 28. Within the developing countries, gonorrhea caused by resistant strains of N. gonorrhoeae has become hyperendemic. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). BMJ Open. Antimicr … The surveillance, epidemiology, diagnosis and management of gonorrhoea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae). Infertile populations were broadly defined to encompass women/men undergoing infertility evaluation or treatment (infertility clinic attendees and partners). Author links open overlay panel Feng Wang a 1 Jing-Wei Liu c d 1 Yi-Zhun Li a Li-Jun Zhang b Jing Huang a Xiang-Sheng Chen c d Shao-Chun Chen c d Yue-Ping Yin c d. Show more. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC.  |  Gonorrhoea prevalence in infertile populations is several folds higher than that in the general population, with even higher prevalence in women with tubal factor infertility and in individuals with secondary infertility. Epub 2018 Feb 28. Status of penicillinase-producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Canada--1989. Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the gonococcus, is a non-spore-forming, nonmotile bacterium that appears under the microscope as a Gram-negative coccus occurring in pairs (diplococci) with flattening of the adjacent sides. 1995 Sep-Oct;6(5):345-7. doi: 10.1177/095646249500600507. 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